1) All of the following are examples of real security and privacy risks EXCEPT:

a) Hacker.


b) Spam.


c) Viruses.


d) Identity theft.



2) Technology no longer protected by copyright, available to everyone, is considered to be:

a) proprietary.


b) open.


c) experimental.


d) In the public domain.



3) _ are attempts by individuals to obtain confidential information from you by falsifying their identity.

a) Phishing.


b) Computer viruses.


c) Spyware scams.


d) Viruses.



4) Why is it unethical to share copyrighted files with your friends?

a) It is not unethical, because it is legal.


b) It is unethical because the files are being given for free.


c) Sharing copyrighted files without permission breaks copyright laws.


d) It is not unethical because the files are being given for free.



5) A person who used his or her expertise to gain access to other people’s computers to get information illegally or do damage is a a(an) _

a) hacker.


b) analyst.


c) instant messenger.


d) spammer.



6) Data security threats include _

a) hardware failure.


b) privacy invasion.


c) fraudulent manipulation of data.


d) All of the above.



7) Data integrity control:

a) is used to set upper and lower limits on numeric data.


b) requires the use of passwords to prohibit unauthorized access to the file.


c) has the data dictionary keep the date and time of last control, last back-up and most recent modification of all files.


d) All of the above.



8) A computer _ is a set of program instructions that can attach itself to a file, reproduce itself, and spread to other files.

a) worm.


b) virus.


c) trojan horse.


d) phishing scam.



9) _ is the act of copying or downloading a program from a network and making multiple copies of it.

a) Network piracy.


b) Plagiarism.


c) Software piracy.


d) Site-license piracy.



10) Which one of the following would be considered as a way that a computer virus can enter a computer system?

a) Opening an application previously installed on the computer.


b) Borrowed copies of software.


c) Viewing a website without causing any additional transactions.


d) Running antivirus programs.

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