AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

  • AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

    Agriculture is defined as the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for man’s use.   Types of Agriculture There are various types of agriculture in Nigeria. These include: Plantation (Mechanized) Agriculture It requires commercial cultivation in which products are mainly for sale. It requires a large area of land. It usually involves the cultivation of one crop i.e. monocropping. It requires large labour i.e. it is labour intensive. It also requires large capital investment. It also involves the cultivation of perennial crops like cocoa, rubber, oil palm, etc. The products are mainly raw materials used by processing industries. It leads to the development of social amenities like pipe borne…

  • BUSH FALLOWING IN WEST AFRICA
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    BUSH FALLOWING IN WEST AFRICA

    Bush fallowing is a system of farming or the cultivation of one piece of land for some years and leaving it for some years with the aim of restoring fertility to the soil naturally but during this fallow period, the farmer cultivates another piece of land.   Favourable Conditions Necessary for Bush Fallowing Favourable conditions or factors which aid Bush fallowing in West Africa include: Abundance of large area of farmlands. Low population in the area. Low level of education of the farmers. Use of crude tools and implements. Low level of technology.   Characteristics or Features of Bush Fallowing Farming is done on a subsistence level i.e. farmers grow…

  • FARM BIO-SECURITY
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    FARM BIO-SECURITY

    Farm bio-security is all about protecting people, animals, plants, and environment from pests and diseases. It includes trying to prevent new pests and diseases from spreading into the farm, and helping to control outbreaks too when it occurs on the farm. While robust response arrangements may be available at the state government levels to combat outbreaks, preventing pest, diseases and weed incursions into the farms generally, your farm bio-safety is a call to duty. Everybody associated with you farm need to know the – Particulars of Your Farm Bio-Safety – . Very farm protective measures to prevent spread of diseases should remain a farm priority.   How you can protect…

  • EROSION CONTROL TECHNIQUES AND WEATHER INFORMATION UTILIZATION
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    EROSION CONTROL TECHNIQUES AND WEATHER INFORMATION UTILIZATION

    Erosion control techniques are fundamental for the protection of water quality. Soil stabilization and erosion control practices are needed and should be used in areas where soil is exposed and natural vegetation is inadequate. Bare ground should be covered, typically with grass seed and some form of matting or mulch. This will help prevent erosion and subsequent movement of sediment into streams, lakes and wetlands. Erosion control measures need to be implemented immediately following construction and every time an area is disturbed. Soil erosion can be controlled by adopting land management practices and also by changing the pattern of some human activities which accelerate soil erosion. Erosion control is as…

  • CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE

    Agriculture is an important sector of the Nigerian economy. In addition to providing Nigerians with much of their food, crops, livestock, and fisheries make significant contributions to the national economy and GDP. It remains the main source of livelihood for most rural communities. It is the source of raw materials used in the processing industries as well as a source of foreign exchange earnings for the country. The sustainability of the environment to provide all life support systems and the materials for fulfilling all developmental aspirations of man and animal is dependent on the suitability of the climate which is undergoing constant changes. Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes,…

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