• PHRASES AND CLAUSES
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    PHRASES AND CLAUSES

    A Phrase is a group of words that contains neither a subject nor a predicate. It is used as a single part of speech. We have different kinds of phrases: noun phrase (which acts as a noun), adjective phrase (which acts as an adjective), and prepositional phrase (which acts as a preposition). Consider the italicised phrases in this sentence: “Okafor was dismissed on account of his gross misconduct in his new office not because he gave a cup of coffee to that stranger in Khaki suit.” (prepositional, adverbial, noun, and adjective phrases respectively). Clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate and is used a…

  • MODIFIERS
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    MODIFIERS

    Modifiers are words that describe or qualify other words. Generally speaking, all adjectives and adverbs are called modifiers in contemporary English. Even adjective phrases and clauses, as well as adverb phrases and clauses, fall within the scope of this concept. The italicised words (or expressions) in the following sentence will suffice to illustrate: Those boys who came here today are surely the children of that handsome man in your garden. [Those = determiner (demonstrative adjective); who came here today = adjective clause; surely = adverb; the = determiner (definite article); that = determiner (demonstrative adjective); handsome = adjective (descriptive/attributive); in your garden = adjective phrase. ] From the above, it…

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