• COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE OIL RIVERS PROTECTORATE
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE OIL RIVERS PROTECTORATE

    The Oil Rivers Protectorate was named by the British traders referring to the abundance of oil palm which was the most profitable and important trading commodity in the region during the early 19th century. The Protectorate was established by the National African Company in 1884. By 1885, the Oil Rivers area was claimed as a British territory by the National African Company, which used gunboat diplomacy to deal with the local rulers. The British claim over the areas was confirmed at the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885. The territory of the Protectorate included the Niger Delta, which the British referred to as the Oil Rivers. After the Berlin Conference, Britain extended…

  • COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF LAGOS COLONY
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF LAGOS COLONY

    Lagos was annexed by the British on 6th August, 1861 and was declared a Colony on the 5th of March, 1862 after the signing of the Lagos Treaty of Cessation. In effect, the powers of Oba Dosumu of Lagos were reduced. A British Consul, William McCoskry was appointed the acting governor of Lagos. The Lagos colony was protected and governed directly from Britain. During this period, Africans born in the Lagos Colony were regarded as British subjects. They enjoyed certain privileges such as access to courts and a small legislative council which had the mandate of assisting and advising the governor. The British established the Lagos Town Improvement Ordinance, which…

  • COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SOUTHERN PROTECTORATE
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SOUTHERN PROTECTORATE

    The Southern Protectorate was established in 1900. It was administered by a High Commissioner. The first High Commissioner for Southern Nigeria Protectorate was Ralph Moor. In 1906, the Lagos Colony was joined with the Southern Protectorate. It, therefore, became the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria. At this time, the High Commissioner was Walter Egerton. In terms of administration, the former Lagos Colony became the Western Province while the old Southern Nigerian Protectorate was split into Central Province with capital at Warri and Eastern Province with capital at Calabar. Egerton sent annual pacification patrols in order to force a large part of the South eastern Nigeria that was still outside…

  • COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF NORTHERN PROTECTORATE
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OF NORTHERN PROTECTORATE

    Sir Frederick Lugard was appointed the High Commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria in 1900. In the military parade in Lokoja in the same year, Lugard declared the protectorate of Northern Nigeria and subsequently embarked on the conquest of major areas of Northern Nigeria such as Zaria, Kano, Sokoto, part of Tivland and Borno. Lugard ensured that by 1905, most parts of Northern Nigeria were under the effective rule of the British. Lugard embarked on establishing an effective colonial administration. He adopted the indirect rule system of administration. This was strategic because of inadequate manpower, finance, transport and communication as well as other logistics. It was convenient for Lugard…

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