• NEW PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT (NEPAD)
    GOVERNMENT

    NEW PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT (NEPAD)

    The New Partnership for Africa’s Development should be seen as a home – grown African initiative to overcome the age-long obstacles to African development. This body is assumed to be in partnership with the international community, the Group of 8 industrialised countries: The Russian federation. Germany. France. Italy. Japan. United kingdom. Northern Ireland. United States of America. Note: What is now popularly known by the acronym NEPAD came into being upon the joining together of the millennium partnership for the African Recovery Programme (MAP) and the OMEGA plan, at the request of the organisation of African Unity (OAU) now the African Union (AU). It was once known as the New…

  • THE AFRICAN UNION (AU)
    GOVERNMENT

    THE AFRICAN UNION (AU)

    Historical perspective The 37th summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) held between the 9th 13th of July, 2001 was the last summit of the 38-year-old organization. It also marked the birth of a new organization, known as the African Union (AU) which was adopted by 50 of the 53 member countries. Consequently, on Monday, 8th July, 2002, African leaders formally marked the end of the Organization of African Unity and the birth of African Union in its place. Forty of the continent’s 53 presidents, heads of government and monarchs gathered in Durban, South Africa, to inaugurate the new union.   Characteristics The new union is to be people-oriented.…

  • THE ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY
    GOVERNMENT

    THE ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY

    HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE The Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded on may 25, 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Thirty independent African states attended the inaugural meeting. The organization was intended to unite all African states against the forces of colonialism and imperialism and work towards the resolution of African socioeconomic and political problems. The OAU is made up of all independent African states. Before the emergence of OAU as a regional body, three different groups with different ideologies and goals existed. This did not augur well for unity. OAU is a better organization than the former blocs it replaced. Casablanca group: Ghana, Egypt, Morocco, Guinea, Mali and Algeria. Brazzaville or…

  • PAN-AFRICANISM
    GOVERNMENT

    PAN-AFRICANISM

    The advocates of Pan-Africanism propounded the need for racial harmony, mutual existence coupled with absolute equality and respect for the dignity of Africans. It further accepts the need for cooperation and unity among African states in the areas of economic, political and cultural spheres. It detests and rejects in totality all forms of colonial rule, control and domination of any African State. Furthermore, this concept stands for the rights of Africans to self-determination and the need to be treated with dignity and respect. In addition, it tends to instill in Africans a sense of belief and self-confidence in themselves as a people or a race. Originally, this movement began as…

  • NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN BRITISH WEST AFRICA
    GOVERNMENT

    NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN BRITISH WEST AFRICA

    The nationalist movements played significant role in influencing Nigerians and propelling them towards the struggle for self-rule. 1) West African Students’ Union (WASU): It was formed in 1925 by Chief Ladipo Solanke of Nigeria. The interests of this union centred on commerce, education, politics etc.   Achievements/Contributions of West African Student Union Forum: This union served as a forum for protest movement among West Africans and other sympathisers in Britain. Publication: A journal known as WASU, and other pamphlets were published and they had effect on West Africans abroad and at home. Racial equality: Teachings on racial equality and self-determination for the people were more pronounced in this students’ movement.…

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