• ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

    Organic agriculture simply means the use of ruminants and decay of plants and animal by-products to improve agricultural production. In other words, it involves the use of remains of plants and animals to improve the production of crops for improve yield in agriculture. Organic agriculture involves the use of prepared manure which are natural to improve agricultural production. In this regard, the use of artificial chemical like inorganic fertilizer does not constitute which is called organic agriculture.   Form of organic agriculture The use of material obtained from plants and animals in form of organic materials are available for use in agriculture. These include: 1) Organic manure Organic manure refers…

  • AGRO-ALLIED OR AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    AGRO-ALLIED OR AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES

    Agro-allied industries also called Agrobased industries are industries which depend on agriculture for their raw materials in order to operate successfully. In other words, agro-based industries require the supply of agricultural raw materials in order to provide some finished products that are essential for human and animal consumption.   SUMMARY OF AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES AND RAW MATERIALS USED IN EACH INDUSTRY     RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES There is a positive and wide range of relationships between agriculture and industries. These relationships include the following: Provision of Market: Agriculture provides market for industrial products such as farm machinery, chemicals and fertilizer. Provision of Food: Agriculture also provides food for industrial…

  • SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE

    SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food by a farmer to feed himself and his family. In other words, subsistence agriculture is a system of farming whereby a farmer cultivates crops and rears animals in order to produce food for consumption for himself and his family only.   Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture It is mostly practised by peasant farmers. Subsistence agriculture involves small portion of land. It involves the use of crude tools such as hoe and machetes. There is no specialization. It employs unskilled labour. The returns or output are usually very low. It usually involves the…

  • MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE

    The term, agriculture, is derived from two Latin words: “ager“, meaning field, and “cultura“, meaning cultivation. By this statement, agriculture means field cultivation. However, this is not a complete definition of agriculture since agriculture has to do also with animal production. Agriculture is simply defined as the art and science (or management) that deals with the cultivation of crops and the rearing of animals for man’s use. In other words, agriculture is defined as the deliberate effort made by man to till the soil, cultivate crops and rear animals for food and other purposes. It also involves the sales of produce from agriculture, because production is not complete until the…

  • AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA
    AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

    AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

    Agriculture is defined as the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for man’s use.   Types of Agriculture There are various types of agriculture in Nigeria. These include: Plantation (Mechanized) Agriculture It requires commercial cultivation in which products are mainly for sale. It requires a large area of land. It usually involves the cultivation of one crop i.e. monocropping. It requires large labour i.e. it is labour intensive. It also requires large capital investment. It also involves the cultivation of perennial crops like cocoa, rubber, oil palm, etc. The products are mainly raw materials used by processing industries. It leads to the development of social amenities like pipe borne…

error: Content is protected !!