• COMMUNALISM
    GOVERNMENT

    COMMUNALISM

    Communalism is a social, political and economic arrangement in which landed property and other natural resources are collectively owned, managed and co-operatively harnessed by the community for the common good of everybody. Participation in community development is open to everybody. In most communal societies, people live in group as families sharing resources and responsibilities together for the benefits of everybody. Oneness and love for one another exist within the community. One of the founding fathers of communalism, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania maintained that communalism is like returning to traditional political practices and the rejection of the unsuitable aspects of imported alien culture. He argued further, that, everybody was part of…

  • ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES
    GOVERNMENT

    ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES

    FORMATION The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was founded on 28th May, 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria. It comprised all the 16 independent nations of West Africa. Abuja is the administrative head-quartres of the community and Lome, the fund headquarters. Nigeria, under the leadership of General Yakubu Gowon and Togo under president Eyadema, initiated the formation of the sub-regional economic grouping. Nigeria, Ghana, The Gambia, Sierra-Leone and Liberia are the English speaking or Anglophone countries. Senegal, Guinea, Togo, Mali, Benin Republic, Burkina Faso, Cote de l’vorie, Mauritania and Niger Republic are French speaking or Francophone countries, making up the body while Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau are Busophone (Portuguese…

  • LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN  NIGERIA
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

    Land tenure is defined as the system of land ownership or acquisition by individual, family, community or government agency either for temporary or permanent use. The land tenure system in West Africa varies with tribes, communities and states. It can be classified into the following groups: Communal land tenure. Land tenure by inheritance. Leasehold system. Land tenure by tenancy. Land tenure by purchase or freehold. Land tenure by free gift or pledge. Tenant at the will of government. Note: Land tenure by Freehold system; Leasehold system; Gift system; Tenants system; Tenant at the will of government; Inheritance system are collectively referred to as Individual Land Tenure Systems.   1. Communal…

  • ECOLOGY OF POPULATION
    BIOLOGY

    ECOLOGY OF POPULATION

    ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION Ecological succession is defined as the orderly series of changes occuring in plants and animals or microbial communities over a period of time, resulting in the establishment of a final, stable and climax community. In other words, this is the orderly series of changes occuring in plant communities over a given period of time, until a stable/climax community is established. It usually commences in a newly formed open/barren habitat/abandoned farmland, which is usually asa result of human activities/natural disasters/catastrophies. The pioneer/primary colonizers have short life cycles’ span, which get replaced by other plants which thus derive nutrients from their remains. These latter secondary colonizers have longer life cycles/span.…

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