• RUBBER (Hevea braziliensis)

    RUBBER (Hevea braziliensis)

    Rubber is the only popular latex crop which produces white sticky liquid used in plastic industries. It belongs to the plant family, euphorbiaceae.   Land preparation: The land is cleared, stumping is done and the land may be levelled or it can also be done by ploughing and harrowing.   Varieties/Cultivars: PB86, Dough garden, BD5, Harbel 1, PB5/51.   Climatic and Soil Requirements: Rubber requires a temperature of 24°C to 29°C, rainfall of 180cm – 300cm per annum, bright sunshine and a deep loamy soil which is rich in humus and slightly acidic.   Method of propagation: By seeds and budded seedlings (vegetative propagation).   Planting dates Pre-nursery: August October.…

  • PEPPER (Capsicum spp)

    PEPPER (Capsicum spp)

    Pepper is a spice crop which adds flavours to stew and soup. It can be used when green or red. It is rich in vitamins and minerals. It belongs to the plant family, Solanaceae.   Land Preparation: The bush is cleared and ridges or heaps are made with hoe. The land can also be prepared mechanically by ploughing, harrowing and ridging.   Varieties/Cultivars Sweet pepper (Capsicum annum). Chilli pepper. Bird’s eye pepper (Capsicum frutescens).   Climatic and soil requirements: Pepper requires a temperature of 15°C- 27°C, rainfall of 100cm -150cm per annum and a rich, well- drained loamy soil.   Method of propagation: This is by seeds.   Planting dates…

  • BANANA (Musa spp)

    BANANA (Musa spp)

    Land Preparation: Clearing of the land which is followed by stumping and making of ridges or heaps. It can also be done mechanically through ploughing, harrowing and ridging.   Varieties/Cultivars: Gross Michel; cavendish (dwarf); red banana; canary banana.   Climatic and soil requirements: Banana plant requires a temperature of 21°C – 25°C, rainfall of 150cm – 200cm per annum and a well- drained, rich, loamy soil.   Planting Materials: These are corm (or bits), peeper suckers, sword sucker and maiden sucker.   Propagation/Planting Date: Banana is propagated by vegetative means any time from April to September. Dig a hole and plant the sucker with ball of earth. The hole should…

  • RICE (Oryza sativa)

    RICE (Oryza sativa)

    Rice is another popular cereal crop grown and consumed by nearly half of the world’s population. It is also a member of the grass family (Gramineae). The seed/fruit of rice is a caryopsis, i.e ., it has its epicarp fused with the mesocarp.   Land Preparation: This is done either manually, using cutlass to clear the bush and remove stump and hoe to make ridges, or mechanically by ploughing, harrowing and ridging.   Varieties or Cultivars: These include the swamp rice (Toma, BG79 and GFB24) and the upland rice (Agbede).   Climatic and Soil Requirement: Rice requires a temperature of over 20°C, 75cm – 120cm of rainfall for upland rice…



    1) Transplanting The transfer of seedlings from nursery beds to their permanent positions in the field. The tools used for transplanting are handtrowel, digger, hoe or cutlass. Plant is removed with a ball of soil around its roots. Mostly done in cool weather, in morning or evening times. Transplants require shading to reduce wilting. Soil around roots at permanent site are firmed to eliminate air pockets for good root establishment. Watering is done morning and evening. Mulch after transplanting to reduce evapo-transpiration. Usually done at the early stages of development of the crop plant, long before maturity. Weak or diseased seedling should not be transplanted.   2) Shading Art of…

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