• FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
    GOVERNMENT

    FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT

    A federal state is one in which there is constitutional division of powers among different levels or three tiers of government (federal, state/region, local governments). In a federal system, the federal or central authority represents the whole and acts on behalf of all in certain matters, especially defence, external affairs, currency, national revenue etc and any other areas considered to be of common interest. There also exists state/region or local authorities with powers of legislation and administration within constitutional limits. It should be observed as well that in this system, the supremacy of the constitution is not only respected or upheld but also responsible for the division of powers among…

  • NIGERIAN FEDERALISM
    GOVERNMENT

    NIGERIAN FEDERALISM

    THE ORIGIN The origin of federalism in Nigeria could be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern, Eastern and Western provinces) in 1939. Before Governor Bourdillon left office, he recommended for the introduction of regions to replace the existing provinces. In 1946, Richards Constitution introduced regionalism into the Nigerian political system. Northern, Eastern and Western regions then replaced the former three provinces. The introduction of a federal structure in 1954 was the idea of Richard’s Constitution of 1946. In 1953, Macphersons Constitution improved on Richard by creating House of Representatives with powers to make laws for the country and Regional Houses of Assembly also to make…

  • TYPES OF CONSTITUTION
    NATIONAL VALUES

    TYPES OF CONSTITUTION

    There are various types of constitution, among which are the following. 1) FEDERAL CONSTITUTION A federal constitution refers to one in which government powers that exist in the country are shared between the two tiers of government – a central government that represents the country and the government of component regions or states, so that each government is legally and constitutionally independent and autonomous. A country that adopts this type of constitution is known as a federation and the system is referred to as a federal system of government. The federal polity in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common…

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