• CONJUNCTIONAL IDIOMS
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    CONJUNCTIONAL IDIOMS

    A conjunctional idiom is an idiom that performs the function of a conjunction. Usually, it appears as a compound conjunction or a conjunctional phrase. Some examples are: as long as (while). as if (as though). in that (because). for certain (for the fact). in that (because). on account of (owing to; for)   Idioms composed of pairs of words: Majority of the idioms in this category go in pairs, making use of the co-ordinating conjunction “and” in joining the two nouns involved; for example: all and sundry – collectively and individually. beck and call – ready to obey. in black and white – in writing. fits and starts – irregularly.…

  • PREPOSITIONAL IDIOMS
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    PREPOSITIONAL IDIOMS

    Broadly speaking, prepositional idioms refer to the idiomatic use of prepositions after verbs, adjectives, verbal-nouns, etc, and with idiomatic phrases introduced by a preposition. Three striking differences exist between the idiomatic (prepositional idioms) and the unidiomatic uses of prepositions. The first is that while prepositional idioms have specific and clearly defined meanings (e.g. on hire, on fire, on duty, on pension, etc), unidiomatic prepositions have no very clearly defined meanings apart from the phrases or constructions in which they occur (e.g. sit on the bench and keep your pencil on the table or sit at the table). The second difference is that prepositional idioms are not always logical (e.g. averse…

  • INTRODUCTION TO IDIOMS
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    INTRODUCTION TO IDIOMS

    An idiom is a group or sequence of words whose meaning cannot be deciphered logically through our knowledge of the constituent words in the group. It possesses a unique meaning and must be learnt as a whole. For instance, when we say that John is on the ball, we do not mean that he is standing on the ball, but that he does his job well. When we say that Ngozi gets my goat, we do not mean that she brings my goat to me, but that she is a constant source of annoyance to me. When we tell somebody to hang fire, we do not mean that the person…

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