• OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis)

    OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis)

    The oil palm belongs to the plant family called palmea or palm family. On commercial basis, both the oil and the kernel are important. The oil is obtained from the mesocarp and the kernel from the endocarp. The fruit is called a drupe. Oil palm is an oil crop.   Land preparation The land is cleared and hoe is used to make heaps or ridges. Flat land can be used for growing oil palm. Land can also be prepared mechanically by ploughing, harrowing and ridging.   Varieties/Cultivars: Dura, pisifera and tenera. Dura: This variety has a thin mesocarp, thick endocarp (shell) with a large kernel. It is genetically homozygous and…

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