• FACTORS OF AGRICULTURALPRODUCTION
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    FACTORS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

    Production refers to all economic activities which result in the creation of goods and services. In other words, production is the process of making or manufacturing goods as well as the process of providing services. For goods and services to be created during the process of production, certain factors have to come together. These resources or factors that are combined for goods and services to be produced are known as factors of production. There are four factors of production. These are Land, Labour, Capital and Entrepreneur or Management.   LAND Land refers to where productive activities such as growing of crops, rearing of animals and establishment of farmstead are carried…

  • TOMATO (Lycopersicon esculentum)
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    TOMATO (Lycopersicon esculentum)

    Tomato is a vegetable crop commonly grown by peasant farmers in West Africa. The fruit called berry when ripe can be eaten raw, used for soup or stew preparation, or in preparing vegetable salad and other food.   Land preparation Land is cleared with cutlass and ridges are made with local hoe, or land can be prepared by ploughing, harrowing and ridging.   Varieties/Cultivars: These include money-maker, valiant, pork, dwarf gem, marglobe, Ife plum, bonita, roma, local varieties.   Climatic and Soil Requirements Tomato requires a temperature of 20°C – 25°C, rainfall of 50 – 125cm, high level of sunshine and a well-drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter.  …

  • COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata)
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata)

    The cowpea is a member of the pulses or legumes. It belongs to the family called Leguminosae. It is rich in proteins and is commonly fed on by man. The fruit of cowpea is called pod.   Land Preparation The land is cleared after which the thrash is packed. Weed-row burning can also be done. The land preparation is continued with stumping, ploughing, harrowing and ridging done in sequence.   Varieties/ Cultivars Erect type, creeping type, Ife brown, Ife bimpe, etc.   Climatic and Soil Requirement: Cowpea requires a temperature of 27°C – 35°C, rainfall of 60cm – 125cm per annum, abundant sunshine and a rich sandy loamy soil.  …

  • GOVERNMENT LAWS ON LAND USE IN NIGERIA
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    GOVERNMENT LAWS ON LAND USE IN NIGERIA

    As a result of the problems and inadequacies of the land tenure system, the Federal Government of Nigeria, in 1978, during the reign of General Olusegun Obasanjo, promulgated a decree on land use in Nigeria. The decree was known as Land Use Decree of 1978 or Land Use Act of 1978.   Features of the Land Use Act (Decree) The Land Use Act (Decree) was promulgated by the Federal Military Government of Nigeria on March 29,1978. It takes care of the inadequacies inherent in land ownership in Nigeria. The decree states that all land in the country is vested in the federal government to be held in trust for the…

  • LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN  NIGERIA
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    LAND TENURE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

    Land tenure is defined as the system of land ownership or acquisition by individual, family, community or government agency either for temporary or permanent use. The land tenure system in West Africa varies with tribes, communities and states. It can be classified into the following groups: Communal land tenure. Land tenure by inheritance. Leasehold system. Land tenure by tenancy. Land tenure by purchase or freehold. Land tenure by free gift or pledge. Tenant at the will of government. Note: Land tenure by Freehold system; Leasehold system; Gift system; Tenants system; Tenant at the will of government; Inheritance system are collectively referred to as Individual Land Tenure Systems.   1. Communal…

error: Content is protected !!