• THE STOCK EXCHANGE MARKET
    ECONOMICS

    THE STOCK EXCHANGE MARKET

    Stock exchange market is a highly organised market where investors can buy and sell existing securities like shares, stocks, debentures, etc. This is a market where those who are interested in purchase of securities are brought into contact with the sellers. The stock exchange is an essential part of the capital market to serve as a source of raising capital as well as a forum for financial investment. The market deals in old existing shares only, i.e. new ones are not traded in it. The stock exchange market ensures that every transaction must follow prescribed set of rules and regulations, which are complex in nature. Quoted companies are organisations whose…

  • CAPITAL MARKET
    ECONOMICS

    CAPITAL MARKET

    Capital market is a market for medium-term and long-term loans. The capital market serves the needs of industry and the commercial sector. It comprises all the institutions which are concerned with either the supply of or demand for long-term capital.   Instruments used in capital market Instruments used in capital market are mainly stocks and shares. Stocks and shares are securities purchased by individuals, which is an evidence of contributing part of the total capital used in running an existing industry. At the end of a normal business year, stock and share holders receive dividend as a reward for contributing the money in running the business.   Institutions involved in…

  • MONEY MARKET
    ECONOMICS

    MONEY MARKET

    Money market can be defined as a market for short-term loan. The market consists of institutions or individuals who either have money to lend or wish to borrow on a short-term basis.   Instruments used in the money market Treasury bills: Treasury bill is normally issued by the central bank of a country, which assists the government to borrow money from the money market on short-term basis. Bill of exchange: Bill of exchange refers to a promisory note which shows the acknowledgement of indebtedness by a debtor to his creditor and his intention to pay the debt on demand or at an agreed time in future, normally ninety (90) days.…

  • ORGANIZING FOR INTERNATIONAL MARKETING
    MARKETING

    ORGANIZING FOR INTERNATIONAL MARKETING

    KEY APPROACHES TO ENTERING INTERNATIONAL MARKET International marketing can be a great way to grow a company, but it also entails risk. Any entrepreneur looking forward to expand into foreign markets must first gather information, prepare an export plan and make a series of key decisions. 1) Gathering information: It is essential for exporters to have a clear understanding of the culture, customs and economic conditions of the country where they want to do business. To that end, research is needed and an online search is a good place to begin. Still, nothing takes the place of visiting the target market yourself. On-site, you can talk to potential buyers and…

  • LABOUR MARKET
    ECONOMICS

    LABOUR MARKET

    Labour can be defined as all human efforts of any kind, either skilled or unskilled, mental or manual, directed towards the production of goods and services. Market on the other hand is defined as a place or any means of communication whereby the sellers and buyers can communicate with one another, to exchange goods and services at prices determined by the market forces. Labour market is defined therefore as a market in which buyers and sellers of labour are in close contact during which the wages and other conditions of services are determined and agreed upon. Labour is the factor of production which is usually bought and sold in the…

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