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  • CATTLE
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    CATTLE

    Cattle belongs to the group of animals known as Bovidae. They are ruminants, having hollow horns and hoofs with an even number of toes. Cattle are reared for their meat, milk, hide and skin, manure and as draught animals for work on the farm.   Breeds of Cattle Azawal. Sokoto Gudali. Wadara (Shuwa). White Fulani. Red Bororo. Muturu. N’dama. Keteku (Borgu). Kuri. Brown Swiss. Holstein. Jersey.   The breeds of cattle can also be categorised into three groups. These groups are: a) Beef Cattle: Beef cattle are the cattle which have the ability to produce meat. Examples are: N’dama. Red Bororo. Sokoto Gudali. Keteku (Borgu). Kuri. Brown Swiss. Rahaji.  …

  • LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT (POULTRY)
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT (POULTRY)

    MEANING OF LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT Livestock management is the rearing of animals and birds in a farm. Poultry refers to group of birds reared for food and other purposes. These include domestic fowl, turkey, goose, guinea fowl and duck. These birds are reared mainly for meat, egg and manure. They are non-ruminants.   Terms Used in Poultry Cock – male fowl above one year of age. Cockerel – male fowl below one year of age. Hen – female fowl above one year of age. Pullet – female fowl below one year of age. Chick – A young fowl (0-6 weeks old). Capon – A castrated male fowl. Caponization – Process of…

  • PIG
    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

    PIG

    Pigs are non-ruminant animals and they belong to the family called sudae. There are two main species of pigs – Sus sacrofa and Sus vittatus. Breeds of Pig Large White. Large Black. Duroc Jersey. Poland China. Tamworth. West African Dwarf pig. Hampshire. American Landrace. Chester White. Belgium Pie Train.   All the breed types are grouped into three classes: Meat type. Lard type. The Bacon type.   Pigs are reared mainly for meat, pig skin, bristle and manure.   Terminologies Used in Pig Boar – A mature male pig. Sow – A mature female pig. Gilt – A female pig that is matured to reproduce or has reproduced once. Piglet…

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