• MOUNTAINS
    PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

    MOUNTAINS

    Mountains are great elevated land surfaces resulting from intense action of internal forces. They have steep slopes and show distinct peaks. Mountains are classified according to their mode of formation, resulting in four major types of mountains. These are: Fold mountains. Block mountains. Volcanic mountains. Residual mountains.   FOLD MOUNTAINS They contain old hard rocks with steep sides. They have wrinkling or folding appearance and show distinct peaks of great heights. Fold Mountains exist in layered form. They are soft, have anticlines and synclines. Folding shortens the earth’s crust. They form the most wide spread type of mountains and are noted for active volcanoes. They form the highest mountain ranges.…

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