• THE ROYAL NIGER COMPANY
    ECONOMIC HISTORY

    THE ROYAL NIGER COMPANY

    The legitimate trade in communities attracted a number of British merchants to the Niger River, as well as others who had been formerly engaged in the slave trade but now changed their line of trade. The large companies that opened depots in Delta Cities and Lagos were very competitive. To some extent, competition among these companies undermined the collective position of their owners compared to the local merchants. In the 1870s, therefore, George Taubman Goldie began amalgamating some of these companies which was later renamed the United African Company and National African Company. The Royal Niger Company, as it later became popularly known, established its headquarters far inland at Lokoja,…

  • RELATIONS BETWEEN IGBO AND THE NIGER DELTA STATES
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY

    RELATIONS BETWEEN IGBO AND THE NIGER DELTA STATES

    The non-centralised states of the Igbos of the South-eastern Nigeria interacted actively with close and distant neighbours like the Igala, Bini and Ijo. Some Igbo communities such as Nri and the Arochukwu had more influence and interactions outside their areas. The Arochukwu commercial and religious influences played important roles in determining the relationship between the Igbo communities and their non-Igbo neighbours. The Arochukwu oracle of “Long Juju” was believed to have developed out of a local Ibibio shrine, Ibritam in the Cross River estuary. The Arochukwu concentrated on trade and spiritual services from neighbouring communities to carry out their lucrative commercial activities with the people of Bende and Uburu. Furthermore,…

  • IRRIGATION AGRICULTURE IN THE NILE BASIN AND THE NIGER BASIN
    REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

    IRRIGATION AGRICULTURE IN THE NILE BASIN AND THE NIGER BASIN

    Irrigation agriculture is the type of agriculture which involves the artificial application of water to soil or land for farming purposes. Irrigation is mainly practiced in areas where there is insufficient rainfall like in Egypt and Sudan (Nile Basin) which make use of water from the River Nile and; in Mali, Northern Nigeria (Niger Basin) which make use of water from River Niger. These countries, especially Egypt and Sudan are in the desert; hence, the need for irrigation agriculture.   NEED OR REASONS FOR IRRIGATION These are some of the reasons for the need of irrigation in both the Nile Basin and the Niger Basin: Rainfall is low and unreliable.…

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