• DRAINAGE PATTERNS AND SETTLEMENT
    PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY

    DRAINAGE PATTERNS AND SETTLEMENT

    Drainage refers to the distribution of water features such as rivers, streams, oceans, natural or man-made lakes, etc. Drainage pattern can be defined as the shape taken by a river and its tributaries. Hence, it is usually shown on topographic maps as drainage features. On the other hand, drainage pattern is the whole process of carrying ground water away, from the moment it falls on the earth surface as rain water to the time that some of it reaches the sea. Drainage can be on the surface and this happens when rivers actually flow on the surface and empty the water into a much bigger water body. When drainage is…

  • CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO FUNCTIONS OF TOWNS
    HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

    CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO FUNCTIONS OF TOWNS

    Towns are classified according to certain functions they perform. Certain towns may perform more than one function but some are known for a particular function as stated below: Market towns: These are mainly trading centres based on commerce e.g. Onitsha, Ibadan, Lagos, and Norwich (U.K). Industrial towns: These are involved in the manufacturing and processing of raw materials to finished goods e.g. Lagos (Nigeria), Ruhr (Germany), and Pittsburg (U.S.A). Commercial towns: These are centres of finance and commerce e.g. Kano, Lagos, New York and Zurich. Administrative towns: These are headquarters of the government and they are usually capitals cities e.g. Abuja, New York, London, Accra. Mining towns: These towns are…

  • CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO SIZE
    HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

    CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO SIZE

    The size of settlement refers to the number of people per settlement. The smallest settlement in terms of size is the homestead while the largest is megalopolis. On the basis of size, the following settlements are recognized with their characteristics.   HOMESTEAD This is a one family residence. The buildings are far from each other. It has few people with little or no opportunity for social gathering e.g. Ganda of Uganda.   HAMLET This contains two or three houses. There is lack of basic and social amenities. The settlement is nucleated. It contains people usually less than a hundred e.g. Ogoja in Cross River State.   VILLAGE This contains several…

  • CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO PATTERN OR SHAPE
    HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

    CLASSIFICATION OF SETTLEMENT ACCORDING TO PATTERN OR SHAPE

    The pattern or shape of settlement refers to the arrangement of buildings in a settlement. The main patterns of settlements include: Dispersed (scattered) settlement. Linear settlement. Nucleated or Dense settlement. Isolated settlement.   DISPERSED (SCATTERED) SETTLEMENT The buildings are scattered or far from each other. It has few social amenities. It is a feature of rural settlement. They are mainly involved in primary activities like farming, lumbering, fishing, etc. Individual compounds are widely spaced from one another. Behind the buildings, there are family parcels of lands. Distinct boundaries separate one family land from another. The farms are intensively tilled. There is quiet life style as there is little opportunity for…

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