• ORIGIN OF SLAVE TRADE
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY,  ECONOMIC HISTORY

    ORIGIN OF SLAVE TRADE

    Slavery was common and normal in West Africa as it was in all the early empires of history. Slavery was the end product of those that were captured in pre-colonial wars of conquest and expansion. Slavery was also the punishment for committing crime and misdemeanour and non-payment of debts. People in these situation had their status reduced to slavery. They were classified as domestic slaves, thereby seen as members ofhis master’s family. In this case, slaves could own property and be protected against injustice. In fact, where a slave behaved well by offering good service to his master, he could be declared a freeman at the will of his master.…

  • NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN BRITISH WEST AFRICA
    GOVERNMENT

    NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN BRITISH WEST AFRICA

    The nationalist movements played significant role in influencing Nigerians and propelling them towards the struggle for self-rule. 1) West African Students’ Union (WASU): It was formed in 1925 by Chief Ladipo Solanke of Nigeria. The interests of this union centred on commerce, education, politics etc.   Achievements/Contributions of West African Student Union Forum: This union served as a forum for protest movement among West Africans and other sympathisers in Britain. Publication: A journal known as WASU, and other pamphlets were published and they had effect on West Africans abroad and at home. Racial equality: Teachings on racial equality and self-determination for the people were more pronounced in this students’ movement.…

  • WOMEN AND AUTHORITY IN WEST AFRICAN HISTORY
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY,  POLITICAL HISTORY

    WOMEN AND AUTHORITY IN WEST AFRICAN HISTORY

    Authority is the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. This chapter explores the political authority of West Africa women and the spiritual female principle in the precolonial and colonial eras. A longue durée perspective on gender relations in precolonial West Africa illuminates a history of gender parity and, at times, women’s authority over men. This history has been obscured by Western patriarchal ideologies—which imagined West African women as “beasts of burden,” women who were sold to the highest bidder for the productive and reproductive labor; in short, they imagined a West African woman that never was—and more recent historical processes, particularly the integration of West African societies…

  • WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY

    WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    Since the end of the Second World the nations of the world have worked together to ensure that the catastrophe that this war brought to humankind is never repeated. It was out of such a context that international bodies such as the United Nations Organization (UN) were created to foster peace and stability in the world. The UN’s mandate and structure has since the early 1960s also spawned similar associations in Africa including the continental Organisation of African Unity (OAU), its successor Africa Union (AU), and half a dozen other sub-regional bodies such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and its peace keeping arms, the ECOWAS Ceasefire…

  • COLONIAL RULE IN WEST AFRICA
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY,  PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY

    COLONIAL RULE IN WEST AFRICA

    The European scramble for Africa culminated in the Berlin West African Conference of 1884-85. The conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck and would set up the parameters for the eventual partition of Africa. European nations were summoned to discuss issues of free navigation along the Niger and Congo rivers and to settle new claims to African coasts. In the end, the European powers signed The Berlin Act (Treaty). This treaty set up rules for European occupation of African territories. The treaty stated that any European claim to any part of Africa, would only be recognized if it was effectively occupied. The Berlin Conference therefore set the stage for the…

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