ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE

FARD AND HARĀM IN THE SCOPE OF SHARĪ’AH MEAN

  • A. permissible and punishable
  • B. obligatory and prohibited ✓
  • C. compulsory and disliked
  • D. tolerable and abominable

 

In the context of sharī’ah, which is Islamic law based on the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, the terms Fard and Harām have specific meanings.

Fard

Fard, also known as wājib, refers to a religious duty that is obligatory for all Muslims to perform. These duties are considered essential for the maintenance of a person’s faith and are based on explicit instructions in the Quran or Hadith. Failure to perform a fard duty can result in punishment in the afterlife.

Harām

Harām, on the other hand, refers to something that is forbidden or prohibited in Islam. These are actions, behaviors, or things that are considered haram due to explicit instructions in the Quran or Hadith, or due to the consensus of Islamic scholars (ijma). Committing a harām act can result in punishment in this life and the afterlife.

Based on the above definitions, the correct answer is:

B. obligatory and prohibited

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