HISTORY

THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA

THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA

The Europeans had frequented the coasts of West Africa since the fifteenth century and established settlements along the coast in ...
ORIGINS AND TIMEFRAME OF EARLY TRADE

ORIGINS AND TIMEFRAME OF EARLY TRADE

The connections of West Africa with the Mediterranean world is a very old one, which long predates the rise of ...
COLONIAL RULE IN WEST AFRICA

COLONIAL RULE IN WEST AFRICA

The European scramble for Africa culminated in the Berlin West African Conference of 1884-85. The conference was called by German ...
EUROPEAN CONTACT WITH WEST AFRICA

EUROPEAN CONTACT WITH WEST AFRICA

European sailors first reached sub-Saharan Africa in 1442, when Portuguese ships reached the Senegal river. The Portuguese had been sailing ...
THE HISTORICAL ANTECEDENT OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT IN WEST AFRICA

THE HISTORICAL ANTECEDENT OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT IN WEST AFRICA

The land of West Africa consists of contrasting kinds of physical environment. The forest environment differs from the savanna environment, ...
PROBLEMS OF INDEPENDENT WEST AFRICAN STATES

PROBLEMS OF INDEPENDENT WEST AFRICAN STATES

Most West African leaders were very optimistic about their countries’ future at independence. They hoped to transform their newly independent ...
CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY ACTIVITIES IN WEST AFRICA

CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY ACTIVITIES IN WEST AFRICA

The expansion of the missionary movement into Africa was part of the growing conception of Christian responsibility for the regeneration ...
THE ALMORAVID DYNASTY

THE ALMORAVID DYNASTY

The term ‘Almoravid’ comes from the Arabic word ‘al-Murabit, literally meaning “one who is trying” but figuratively meaning “one who ...
THE SOKOTO CALIPHATE

THE SOKOTO CALIPHATE

Created by a jihad launched by Usman dan Fodio (also spelt Usman Ibn Fodio, Uthman Dan Fuduye, or Uthman Ibn ...
THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN WEST AFRICA

THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN WEST AFRICA

Africa was the first continent, that Islam spread into out of Arabia in the early seventh century. Almost one-third of ...