GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

THE PROPERTY WHICH MAKES ALCOHOL SOLUBLE IN WATER IS THE

  • A. boiling point
  • B. hydrogen bonding ✓
  • C. ionic character
  • D. covalent nature

 

The answer to the question is: B. hydrogen bonding

The property which makes alcohol soluble in water is hydrogen bonding.

Hydrogen bonding is a type of intermolecular force that occurs when a hydrogen atom is bonded to a highly electronegative atom, such as oxygen or nitrogen. In the case of alcohol, the hydroxyl (-OH) group is the site of hydrogen bonding. When alcohols are mixed with water, the hydroxyl groups form hydrogen bonds with the water molecules. This interaction allows alcohol molecules to be dispersed and surrounded by water molecules, leading to their solubility in water.

Alcohol molecules have a covalent nature due to the presence of carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen bonds. However, it is the ability of alcohol molecules to form hydrogen bonds with water molecules that enables their solubility in water. This is because hydrogen bonding allows for strong attractive forces between alcohol and water molecules, overcoming the covalent nature of alcohol.

In 2020, the pope said : “china is not easy, but i am convinced that we should not give up dialogue.