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NATIONAL VALUES

  • TYPES OF CONSTITUTION
    NATIONAL VALUES

    TYPES OF CONSTITUTION

    There are various types of constitution, among which are the following. 1) FEDERAL CONSTITUTION A federal constitution refers to one in which government powers that exist in the country are shared between the two tiers of government – a central government that represents the country and the government of component regions or states, so that each government is legally and constitutionally independent and autonomous. A country that adopts this type of constitution is known as a federation and the system is referred to as a federal system of government. The federal polity in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common…

  • DEMOCRACY
    NATIONAL VALUES

    DEMOCRACY

    According to one time American president, Abraham Lincoln, democracy is defined as “The government of the people, by the people and for the people”. This is the system of government in which people participate by exercising their political power (i.e. voting) through periodic election of their leaders by themselves or their representatives. The word democracy has its root in ancient Greek. The words DEMO and KRATIA which form democracy mean people and government or “rule by people”. Generally, in a democracy the people are sovereign which means that, they are the ultimate source of authority. Furthermore, we shall be looking at the meaning of democracy from two perspectives, viz.: Political…

  • COMMON SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA
    NATIONAL VALUES

    COMMON SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA

    The following are some of the social problems prevalent in Nigeria today. Examination malpractice. Cultism. Corruption. Poverty. HIV/AIDS. Prostitutions. Rigging of elections. Political killings. Ritual killing. Area boy syndrome.   EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE Examinations are set at various levels of education to assess pupils, students and those ones at higher institutions of learning in order to get feedback as to whether they understand what they have been taught. Examination may be in form of practical exercise, written type or oral form but the essence is to get those who are qualified to be promoted to the next level of education.   These are examinations that are peculiar to Nigeria. Common entrance…

  • COMMON CRIMES AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT
    NATIONAL VALUES

    COMMON CRIMES AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT

    COMMON CRIMES The common crimes in our society are those that we are familiar with owning to their prevalence in our country. It should be noted that common crimes are problems that give the national leaders serious concern. The federal government who has sole constitutional duty on defence, has put in place various bodies to ensure a crime-free society. Upon the concerted efforts of these bodies, we still hear and see the following crimes in our society. They are as follows: Fraud. Murder. Rape. Theft. False witness. Distribution and sales of fake drugs. Sales of contaminated food. Armed robbery. Certificate forgery. Kidnapping. Impersonation. Human trafficking. Examination malpractice. Vandalization of public…

  • THE CONSTITUTION
    NATIONAL VALUES

    THE CONSTITUTION

    A constitution is a body of fundamental principles, established precedents, conventions, rules and regulations according to which a state or other organization is governed. “Constitution is the collection of principles according to which the powers of government, the rights of the governed and the relation between the two are adjusted” – Woolsey “Constitution of a state is that body of rules or laws, written or unwritten which determines the organization of government, the distribution of powers to the various organs of government and the general principles on which these powers are to be exercised” – Gilchrist   Importance of Constitution Each state has a constitution which lays down the organization,…

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