• THE COMMONWEALTH
    GOVERNMENT

    THE COMMONWEALTH

    The commonwealth is defined as a free association of the former territories or colonies of the British Empire. These are territories that were colonized by Britain worldwide and later granted independence.   THE ORIGIN OF THE COMMON WEALTH The origin of Commonwealth could be traced to 1907 when representatives of governments of the five countries, Austria, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and South Africa met for the first time. The Association was formerly known as British Commonwealth of Nations. The modern Commonwealth began in 1931 when British parliament created statue of Westminster. Commonwealth is composed of 54 countries now.   HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The former British empire comprised territories or colonies acquired…

  • THE CLIFFORD CONSTITUTION OF 1922
    GOVERNMENT

    THE CLIFFORD CONSTITUTION OF 1922

    MAIN FEATURES: Secretary of state for colonies: This was a cabinet minister in Britain and the secretary of state for colonies. All the colonial governors report to him. Head of State: This was Governor Hugh Clifford, representing the Queen of England. The Executive council: It was an all European council. No Nigerian was a member, meaning that Nigerians were not part of the decision making body. The Legislative council: Membership was 46. Twenty-seven members out of the 46 were officials while 19 were unofficial members. Ten out of the 19, were Nigerians. Out of the 10 Nigerians, 4 were elected, 3 were elected from Lagos and 1 from Calabar. The…

  • COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION
    GOVERNMENT

    COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION

    Colonialism is defined as an imposition of a more developed culture over a less developed one, backed up by expansionist and economic adventurism. European capitalist countries established political, economic, military and cultural hegemony over other parts of the world which was initially at a lower level and therefore could not resist domination. Originally, it was the idea of protecting a market for industry at home, to the idea of creating a new protected market for industry by seizing colonies abroad. This was so in the late 19th century. However, in the early 19th century, ‘colonies’ had been thought of mainly as places like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc. where Europeans…

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