• THE IGBO AND ISOKO
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY,  ECONOMIC HISTORY

    THE IGBO AND ISOKO

    Igbo and its Origin Two major assumptions explain the origin of the Igbos. The first one claims that the Igbo originated from the East, probably from Israel or Egypt. The second, claims that the Igbo have lived in the present area from time immemorial, what has been described as the “Igbo Core” from where they migrated to other parts of Igboland. This claim points to the Nri- Awka – Orlu area as the early centre of Igbo settlement. This area is known as the “Core Igbo”. This second account has been supported by archaeological discoveries at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, which claims there was human habitation in Nsukka area…

  • RELATIONS BETWEEN IGBO AND THE NIGER DELTA STATES
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY

    RELATIONS BETWEEN IGBO AND THE NIGER DELTA STATES

    The non-centralised states of the Igbos of the South-eastern Nigeria interacted actively with close and distant neighbours like the Igala, Bini and Ijo. Some Igbo communities such as Nri and the Arochukwu had more influence and interactions outside their areas. The Arochukwu commercial and religious influences played important roles in determining the relationship between the Igbo communities and their non-Igbo neighbours. The Arochukwu oracle of “Long Juju” was believed to have developed out of a local Ibibio shrine, Ibritam in the Cross River estuary. The Arochukwu concentrated on trade and spiritual services from neighbouring communities to carry out their lucrative commercial activities with the people of Bende and Uburu. Furthermore,…

  • IGBO UKWU HISTORY AND CULTURE
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    IGBO UKWU HISTORY AND CULTURE

    Igbo Ukwu is located along the lower Niger River basin in Onitsha area. Igbo Ukwu sculptures and bronzes were unearthed by a man digging a well in 1939. More excavations were carried out by Professor Thurstan Shaw in 1960. Most of the objects were made of copper and lead-bronze and linked with sacred kinship, Eze Nri. Radio carbon dating (+9th Century A.D) of the Iron Age culture points to the fact that, Igbo antiquity is recent and the content of the bronzes can be paralleled with the modern Igbo culture. Historians believed that the copper used by the Igbo Ukwu people must have been from North Africa or the Congo…

  • SOCIO-POLITICAL ORGANISATION OF THE IGBO
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    SOCIO-POLITICAL ORGANISATION OF THE IGBO

    The Igbo people of Eastern Nigeria are one of the most populous ethnic groups in Nigeria. The Igbo people are mainly found in the five eastern states of Nigeria: Imo, Enugu, Anambra, Ebonyi and Abia states. The Igbo society is often referred to as a “stateless society”. This is because the Igbo people did not practise a centralised or kingship system of government. Unlike other Nigerian ethnic groups, the Igbo people did not give their total power or authority to a single person to act as king. Rather, they developed a system of government that divided power among members of the entire village in such a way that everybody, right…

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