GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

WHAT IS THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF COFACTORS

  • A. To aid in enzyme function ✓
  • B. To synthesize enzymes
  • C. To inhibit enzymes
  • D. To break down old enzymes

 

The answer to the question is: A. To aid in enzyme function

The primary function of cofactors is to aid in enzyme function. Cofactors are non-protein chemical compounds or metallic ions that are essential for the activity of certain enzymes. They can be divided into two main categories: inorganic ions and organic molecules. Inorganic ions, such as metal ions, often bind to specific sites on the enzyme and participate directly in the catalytic process. Organic molecules, known as coenzymes, work with enzymes to facilitate their activity by carrying chemical groups between different enzymes.

Cofactors play a crucial role in enzyme function by assisting in the catalysis of biochemical reactions. They can act as carriers of chemical groups or electrons, stabilizers of reaction intermediates, or facilitators of substrate binding to the enzyme’s active site. Without cofactors, many enzymes would not be able to function effectively, and essential metabolic processes would be impaired.

In summary, the primary function of cofactors is to aid in enzyme function by facilitating and enhancing the catalytic activity of enzymes.