• A. Warm air rises over cold air in the tropics
  • B. Temperature remains the same with height
  • C. Temperature increases with horizontal distance
  • D. Temperature increases with height ✓


The answer to the question is: D. Temperature increases with height

Temperature inversion occurs when the normal decrease in temperature with increasing altitude is reversed, so that the air temperature increases with height instead of decreasing. This phenomenon can have significant impacts on weather patterns, air quality, and the dispersion of pollutants.

When temperature inversion occurs, a layer of warm air traps cooler air near the surface, preventing vertical mixing and leading to the buildup of pollutants. This can result in poor air quality and reduced visibility. Temperature inversions are commonly associated with calm, clear nights when the ground loses heat rapidly, causing the air near the surface to become cooler than the air above it. In some cases, temperature inversions can persist for several days, exacerbating air pollution problems.

Temperature inversions can also have implications for aviation, as they can lead to turbulence and affect aircraft performance. Additionally, temperature inversions can influence local weather patterns by altering the vertical distribution of moisture and heat in the atmosphere.

Overall, understanding temperature inversions is important for various fields, including meteorology, environmental science, and aviation, as they can have significant impacts on atmospheric conditions and human activities.

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