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  • MEANING OF EMPIRE
    WORLD HISTORY

    MEANING OF EMPIRE

    An empire can simply be defined as a large territory ruled by an emperor or any other centralised authority. An empire is usually larger than a kingdom in size and influence. For example, there was Igala Kingdom, Jukun Kingdom, Itsekiri Kingdom or Ebira Kingdom. These cover smaller areas when you compare them with Kanem-Borno Empire, Oyo Empire, Benin Empire or Sokoto Empire. Their influence on the people in those kingdoms can also not be compared with the influence on the people in the empire.   CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EMPIRE There were certain characteristics of an empire. They included: Exercise political control or influence over vast territories, exceeding its boundaries. Consisted…

  • MEANING AND ORIGIN OF LEGITIMATE TRADE
    ECONOMIC HISTORY

    MEANING AND ORIGIN OF LEGITIMATE TRADE

    The term, “legitimate trade” refers to the trade in commodities between Africans and the European merchants immediately after the abolition of slave trade. It was a trade where African raw materials, especially cash crops were exchanged for European goods. Such commodities included palm produce, rubber, cotton, skin, cocoa and gun. These produce were in high demand in Europe as a result of the industrial revolution. However, some Africans and others had questioned the idea of legitimacy given to this type of trade. This was because to refer to it as legitimate was to hide the truth that by the time of its introduction, Europe was more in need of raw…

  • MEANING OF NATIONALISM
    DIPLOMATIC HISTORY

    MEANING OF NATIONALISM

    Nationalism is the feeling of pride, which people have about their country and identity. It also means a strong desire of a people who share the same or similar economic and political experiences, culture, language, tradition, history and heritage. Nationalism can be defined as a political ideology for the attainment of self-government and sovereignty. The major goal of nationalist activities is for a nation to end colonial rule and also be in a position to organize and manage its political and governmental affairs. Nationalism includes an expression of political maturity in which a country struggles to design and have its national flag, national anthem, currency and other important symbols of…

  • MEANING OF CENTRALISED STATES
    POLITICAL HISTORY

    MEANING OF CENTRALISED STATES

    The term centralised states means large political units, each of which covered large territorial areas and in most cases thousands of square kilometres. Each of such political units was controlled by large number of rulers, led by a king variously referred to in local languages. For example, Sarki in Hausa, Mai in Kanuri, Alafin in Oyo and Oba in Benin. All parts of each state were controlled from the centre by the king through subordinate officials, arranged according to seniority. Such rulers earned their livings through taxes, tributes, labour and other resources obtained from people. The common characteristics of centralized states are: All of them had specific territories and boundaries…

  • MEANING AND CONCEPT OF HISTORY
    WORLD HISTORY

    MEANING AND CONCEPT OF HISTORY

    History is commonly referred to as the record and narrative description of past events; it is also defined as the study of events of the past leading to the present and anticipating the future. The study of history is an attempt to reconstruct such events that happened in the past. History covers everything about the activities of man, in any environment, all over the world from the ancient time to the present. This includes relating with his fellow man, the natural environment and the economic, political, social and religious activities he engaged in the past. This is why we study the political, economic, social and religious activities of man in…

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