• THE RISE OF DEMOCRACY
    GOVERNMENT

    THE RISE OF DEMOCRACY

    Democracy is defined as a form of government in which the people exercise their governing power either directly or through representatives periodically elected by them. Therefore, this informs us that democracy provides institutions for the expression and the supremacy of the people or popular will on basic issues bordering on socio-political decisions and policy-making. Other factors such as political and economic equality, fraternal feelings are basic issues for a successful working of this system. The origin of democracy is traceable to ancient Greek. The word ‘Demo‘ in Greek means people and ‘kratia‘ means government. These two words ‘Demo’ and ‘Kratia’ metamorphosed into the word, democracy. Abraham Lincoln defined democracy as:…

  • ADVANTAGES OF READING LITERATURE
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    ADVANTAGES OF READING LITERATURE

    Literature is useful and beneficial to man in a number of ways: For Storage and Spread of Information: Like any other printed matter, literature stores and spreads information. It embodies fictive creations of various kinds and attempts to communicate emotions and value judgements. For Entertainment or Recreation and Pleasure: As a form of entertainment, literature keeps millions of people out of mischief and makes them spend their hours in largely harmless pleasure-giving reading of the printed word. Some people may enjoy reading literature without regarding it as one of the great arts. For such people, literature soothes and thrills, and such works as thrillers, detective stories, westerns, romantic novels, newspapers…

  • INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY APPRECIATION
    ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY APPRECIATION

    THE MEANING OF LITERATURE The word “literature” is derived from the Latin word “littera meaning “a letter of the alphabet.” Literature in a wider sense, is the whole body of written or printed matter on any given subject, be it history, politics, business studies, engineering, science, or technology. This is why we often hear people talk about literature in academic disciplines or professions that are not literary in nature. Students should, therefore, not get confused to hear engineers or medical doctors talk about “engineering literature,” or “medical literature. In a broad sense, “literature is anything written;” but the claim that literature must be written is too narrow and too restrictive,…

  • ELECTIONS
    GOVERNMENT

    ELECTIONS

    Elections are defined as the act of electing candidates to represent the people of a given country in the parliament, the executive and possibly into other arms of government as stipulated in the constitution of that particular country. For example in U.S.A. Judges of the lower courts are elected.   FUNCTIONS OF ELECTION Change of government: Elections make it easier for the people to remove a bad government from office. Election of representatives: It gives elected representatives the legitimate right to rule. Free choice of leaders: The people have the free choice of electing leaders into different political offices. It ensures control and accountability: Election provides the means of ensuring…

  • GOVERNMENT AS AN INSTITUTION
    GOVERNMENT

    GOVERNMENT AS AN INSTITUTION

    Government as an institution of the state may be defined as a machinery established by the state to organise the state, manage its affairs and administer its functions and duties. It is also seen as a machinery through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and realised. The need for government came up as a result of people living together, interacting and working together as well as forming different associations. This living and working together may bring about conflicts, disagreements, crises of different dimensions etc. The result would be that the rich will exert force to oppress the poor. The fundamental function of any state, therefore, is to…

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