• A. Sudana
  • B. Botswana
  • C. Gambia
  • D. Ethiopia ✓


The answer to the question is: D. Ethiopia

The African country that was not colonized is Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the only African country that was never colonized by a European power. This can be attributed to its successful resistance against Italian colonization during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Battle of Adwa in 1896, where Ethiopian forces defeated the Italians, is considered a significant event in Ethiopian history and a symbol of African resistance against colonialism.

Ethiopia’s ability to maintain its independence was also influenced by its strategic location and strong leadership. The country’s location in the Horn of Africa made it difficult for European powers to establish control, while the leadership of Emperor Menelik II played a crucial role in uniting and mobilizing the Ethiopian forces against external threats.

Furthermore, Ethiopia’s long history, rich cultural heritage, and strong sense of national identity also contributed to its ability to resist colonization. The country’s ancient civilization, with roots dating back to the Aksumite Empire and its adoption of Christianity in the 4th century, provided a strong foundation for Ethiopian identity and resilience.

In summary, Ethiopia’s successful resistance at the Battle of Adwa, its strategic location, strong leadership, and rich cultural heritage are key factors that enabled it to remain independent and avoid colonization by European powers.

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