• A. Myalgia
  • B. Myotic
  • C. Myoma ✓
  • D. Myeloma


Myoma is a benign tumor that originates from the smooth muscle layer of the uterus, also known as the myometrium. These tumors are commonly referred to as fibroids and are the most common type of pelvic tumors in women. Myomas can vary in size, number, and location within the uterus. They are typically non-cancerous and do not increase the risk of uterine cancer. However, they can cause symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, frequent urination, and reproductive issues such as infertility or recurrent miscarriages.

The exact cause of myomas is unknown, but factors such as hormonal imbalances, genetic predisposition, and growth factors may play a role in their development. Myomas are more common in women of reproductive age and tend to shrink after menopause when estrogen levels decrease.

Treatment options for myomas depend on the size, location, and symptoms they cause. Conservative management may include watchful waiting or medication to control symptoms such as pain or heavy bleeding. Surgical interventions like myomectomy (removal of the fibroids) or hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may be recommended for severe cases or when fertility is not a concern.

In summary, a myoma, also known as a fibroid tumor, is a benign growth originating from the smooth muscle layer of the uterus that can cause various symptoms and complications in women of reproductive age.

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