Fundamental human right can be defined as those inalienable (natural) rights, and privileges enjoyed by the citizens of a given state, which are usually stated in the constitution of the country. It is the responsibility of the state to ensure that its citizens enjoy these rights.
These are the rights the United Nations Organisation (UNO) has called on all member states and governments of the world to incorporate in their constitution.
Such rights include: The right to life, security and protection from inhuman treatment, freedom from slavery, the right to seek redress in court, freedom from unlawful detention and imprisonment, freedom of movement, freedom of joining and forming associations, freedom of expression and freedom of the press, etc.
Reasons Why it is Included in the Constitution
- It makes for easy reference: Since constitutions are documented, it can easily be referred to.
- It prevents dictatorship: The inclusion of fundamental human rights in the constitution prevents dictatorship thereby limiting the powers of the rulers.
- Protection of citizen’s rights: It equally ensures constitutional protection of citizen’s rights.
- It is to comply with U.N.O’s directive: This is to adhere to the UNO’s standard.
- To seek redress: To enable citizens seek redress for violation of their rights in law courts.
- Effect a change: With its inclusion of the fundamental human right in the constitution, no government will find it easy effecting a change in them.